And when it comes to a problem of large-scale collective action, such as climate change, national political will is difficult to achieve. In this scenario, Paris does not disintegrate, it remains the central forum for international climate cooperation, but it is a simple cleansing, a fictitious and a inadequacy. Article 28 of the agreement allows the parties to terminate the contract following a notification of an appeal to the custodian. This notification can only take place three years after the agreement for the country comes into force. The payment is made one year after the transfer. Alternatively, the agreement provides that the withdrawal of the UNFCCC, under which the Paris Agreement was adopted, also withdraws the state from the Paris Agreement. The terms of the UNFCCC`s exit are the same as those of the Paris Agreement. There is no provision in the agreement for non-compliance. The Katowice package adopted at the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP24) in December 2018 contains common and detailed rules, procedures and guidelines that affect the Paris agreement in the operation. After decades of negotiations, the world`s 197 nations have agreed to voluntarily reduce pollution to the lowering of heat caused by the climate crisis.
Only a handful have not ratified the agreement. As bleak as these warnings are, it is important not to get too tangled up, to think about the specific shortcomings of the Paris agreement or to do better with another form of international agreement. The fact is that any international agreement (especially a voluntary agreement like Paris) is more a reflection of the will of the state than an engine. An international treaty can identify and formalize what nations are prepared to do, facilitate their coordination, but it cannot create national political will where there is none. Collapse occurs when the inability of major economies to achieve their goals is met by increasing criticism and other countries make minimal commitments or slow down their own goals, leading to a “low-level balance” in which NDPs remain static or progress only gradually. Or countries could start withdrawing their NDCs and presenting less ambitious countries.